Keystone XL (KXL) pipeline has been a subject of debate, discussion, and research papers for five years. Over half of 535 US Legislators are known to be millionaires, as the public record indicates, who are relatively satisfied with the existing economic inequality in our world where less than one percent (1%) of the people control more wealth than three billion (99%) who are struggling to survive.

Forbes lists the wealthiest enterprises of Earth in 2014. Forbes concludes over half of the richest entities are not countries but corporations. The top ten conglomerates are dominated by energy firms that want us to remain thinking in the “pipeline” of fossil fuels.

The Sunday Advertiser (Feb 9, 2014) provided two pro KXL pipeline columns and one by Devin Martin that challenged such a risky project.  The danger to Earth’s atmosphere will come from some nation(s) eventually burning tar sands oil.  It is indisputable that tar sands are much more polluting than ordinary oil.  Billions of tons of carbon dioxide flowing from burning fossil fuels have already made our vast ocean thirty percent more acidic. That is not good for life on our planet.

As for the “thousands of jobs” related to KXL, readers who reached section E (E for evidence) of the real facts came from Lynda Edwards who wrote: “But only 50 permanent jobs will result from the KXL, the State Department report said.”

Once outside the box/pipeline, we might read The Fate of Mountain Glaciers in the Anthropocene, only 17 pages, and is available on the Internet.  In the report we can see photos of 400 glaciers vanishing over the years.  Now scientists use “Anthropocene”, a term coined by Anthropologist Paul Crutzen who won a Nobel Peace Prize in 1995.

Anthropocene denotes the new “human-made” geologic epoch in which we now live.

Crutzen points out:

–          “Human activity has transformed between ⅓ and ½ of the land surface of Earth.”

–          “Many of Earth’s major rivers have been dammed or diverted.”

–          “Humans use more than half of Earth’s readily accessible freshwater runoff.”

“Most significant people have altered the composition of our atmosphere. Owing to a combination of fossil-fuel combustion and deforestation, the concentration of carbon dioxide in our air has risen by more than a third in two centuries, while the concentration of methane, an even more potent greenhouse gas, has more than doubled.”

(The Lost World by Elizabeth Kolbert, THE NEW YORKER, December 30, 2013)

Carbon dioxide emissions exceeded 400 parts per million (ppm) in May, 2013 for the first time in human history.

Thinking outside the pipeline will compel all of us to strive for renewable sources of energy rather than continue down the trail leading to a cliff where we blindly continue exceeding 400 ppm of carbon dioxide.

The ULL Department of Renewable Resources and scores of other institutions are trying hard to utilize solar, wind, and water rather than exacerbate an overheating Earth and acidic ocean that cannot give life to all who reside on our blue pearl.