Since 1945, Editors of The Bulletin Of Atomic Scientists have been warning us that another war in which nuclear weapons are used could end an historical drama on our precious planet Earth. One BAS editor with artistic inclinations sketched a clock to be placed on every edition of the periodical. Midnight is the moment of nuclear conflagration which every thinking being hopes will never occur. J. Robert Oppenheimer, one of the atomic bomb designers, warned “The next war will be fought with dozens, perhaps hundreds of nuclear weapons.”  The clock stands at 11:57 – three minutes till midnight.

A poll was taken among 3000 people in November 2016. 53 percent believed an atomic weapon would be used in their/our lifetime. (Lafayette, LA Daily Advertiser, 11/16/16)

October and November are propitious, sacred moments for recalling Einstein’s prophetic warning about atomic weapons “changing everything except our way of thinking.” We are indeed “drifting towards disaster” as the brilliant scientist cautioned. Einstein’s personal regret over agreeing to development of the atomic bomb might be spiritually assuaged if all 195 nations agreed to universal abolition of weapons that will certainly terminate life on earth.

October 27, 2016 – 123 nations voted for abolition of nuclear weapons while 38 did not agree.  Hypocritically, all five members of the Security Council (Britain, China, France, Russia, and USA) possess such weapons.  None of the countries with nuclear weapons agreed with resolution l-41. Israel refuses to admit it has them. Mordechai Vanunu is an Israeli technician who was incarcerated 18 years in Israel’s Ashkelon prison for admitting the truth to world journalists. He has been released but cannot leave Israel.

November 25, 1999 the UN adopted a day for elimination of violence against women.

Nuclear warfare would be an unthinkable, unspeakable occasion of violence towards all living beings on Earth. Scientists fear a “nuclear winter” lasting six years might follow an exchange of 100 weapons the size of small Hiroshima or Nagasaki bombs. Two billion people might not survive the most devastating environmental assault on Earth.

*Biological weapons were banned in 1972 *Chemical weapons in 1993 *Land mines in1997 *Cluster bombs in 2008.  if we personally plead with all elected officials, Mayors of cities, Environmental organizations, peace groups,  place the news on Facebook, perhaps l-41 will be ratified in 2016 stigmatizing and abolishing nuclear weapons forever.

Credit for adoption of l-41 could be given to the November “super moon” which moved human consciousness to ban nuclear weapons through an international body of nations.  We have three minutes to preserve our planet for future generations.